What is Gingivitis?
The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they become. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums that is called “gingivitis.” In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. Gingivitis can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by our dental hygienist.
When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to “periodontitis” (which means 'inflammation around the tooth'). In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (called “pockets') that become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If not treated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed. The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.
How can we help?
We help support you as a patient by advising and prescribing how many hygenist appointments you need to achieve optimal oral health. We also offer a full Periodontal package which focuses on the removal of plaque and tartar by careful scaling of the root surfaces. Usually we offer about four appointments at regular and specific intervals. During the treatment the patient learns exactly what periodontal disease is and why they suffer from this disease. One very important aspect of the treatment is that they learn how to perform careful home care, which will prevent further problems with their teeth and gums.